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Vaccines For Children (VFC)

Vaccines For Children (VFC) Program

1. Vaccinating During COVID-19

Ensuring the delivery of newborn and well-child care, including childhood immunization, requires different strategies. Healthcare providers in communities affected by COVID-19 are separating well visits from sick visits. Examples include:

  • Scheduling well visits in the morning and sick visits in the afternoon
  • Separating patients spatially, such as by placing patients with sick visits in different areas of the clinic or another location from patients with well visits.
  • Collaborating with providers in the community to identify separate locations for holding well visits for children.

Vaccine Catch-Up Guidance

The CDC has developed catch-up guidance job aids to assist health care providers in interpreting Table 2 in the child and adolescent immunization schedule.

2. What is VFC?

The Vaccines for Children (VFC) Program allows enrolled health care providers to give free immunizations to eligible children. The intent is to remove cost as a barrier from receiving timely immunizations. VFC is considered one of our nation’s most successful public-private partnerships for improving public health.

VFC was created by an act of Congress in 1993. This legislation entitles all children to receive Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommended vaccines. VFC allows the Philadelphia Department of Publich Health (PDPH) to offer the vaccines at no charge to enrolled VFC providers.

As of 2013, about 70% of the children in the city of Philadelphia were eligible for the VFC program. There are currently 201 VFC providers in the Philadelphia Immunization Program. PDPH employs 3 full-time nurses and 4 vaccine specialists who oversee the administration of the VFC program in Philadelphia.

Looking for a specific VFC document? Click here for our document, files, and forms list.

3. Who is Eligibile for VFC?

A child is eligible for the VFC Program if he or she is younger than 19 years of age and is one of the following:

  1. Medicaid-eligible
  2. Uninsured
  3. Under-insured (FQHC only)
  4. Native American or Alaska Native

Children who are part of CHIP, privately-insured or over the 19 are not eligible for VFC. Providers must screen patients for VFC at every immunization visit.

Please refer to our VFC Eligibility Guide and VFC Eligibility Screening Record.

4. Why Should My Clinic Enroll in VFC?

By removing financial barriers to immunization for both patients and providers, VFC: 

  • Facilitates timely and age-appropriate immunizations for children
  • Reduces referrals to public clinics for immunizations 
  • Allows patients to choose where they go for comprehensive care 
  • Makes it easier to provide high quality care to patients

5. How Do I Enroll My Clinic in VFC?

Before your clinic can be enrolled in the VFC Program, you’ll need to ensure that your office meets these qualifications:

  1. Serve VFC-eligible children 
  2. Have appropriate refrigeration and freezer units that can maintain appropriate temperatures for vaccine storage (no dorm style units) Find more information on vaccine storage requirements here
  3. Have access to the internet to order vaccines online 
  4. Electronically report all administered vaccines to PhilaVax IIS 
  5. Can meet the requirements of the VFC Provider Agreement

 

If your office meets these qualifications, you’ll complete the enrollment process:

  1. Complete the electronic enrollment form
  2. Attend the VFC site visit training
  3. Submit 7 days of vaccine storage temperature data, showing in range temperatures, before receiving VFC vaccine

 

All providers enrolled in VFC are required to complete the VFC enrollment form annually, due each June. 

6. What is Required of Enrolled Providers?

Below is an overview of the requirements for enrolled providers. Detailed information about how to meet these requirements can be accessed through the links included below. 

Comply with the ACIP Immunization Schedule 

The U.S. Recommended Childhood & Adolescent Immunization Schedule indicates the recommended ages for routine administration of currently licensed childhood vaccines for children through age 18 years. 

 VFC providers must comply with current immunization schedules, dosages, and contraindications as established by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). 

Enrolled providers are required to maintain a supply of all the ACIP recommended vaccines for the patient population they serve.  

Doses not given at the recommended age should be given at any future visit using the catch-up schedule as a guide. 

Additional vaccines may be licensed and recommended during the year. Information about these changes will be communicated to enrolled providers on this website and via email. 

 

Take Financial responsibility for the VFC vaccine at your clinic 

Even though VFC vaccine is supplied free of charge to enrolled providers, the doses are not provided to the program at no cost. VFC vaccine is purchased from vaccine manufacturers under contract using federal taxpayer dollars. To ensure the continuation of the VFC Program, vaccine wasted through negligence must be replaced on a dose-per-dose basis.  

Given the goal of the VFC program to remove financial barriers to vaccination for eligible patients, enrolled providers must adhere to the capped vaccine administration fees for eligible patients. By enrolling in the VFC Program your office agrees to not 

  • Charge for VFC vaccine 
  • Impose a vaccine administration fee higher than the fee cap established by the Center for Medicaid and Medicare Services (CMS) and the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, which is currently $23.14 per vaccine
  • Deny access to federally purchased vaccines to an established patient whose parent is unable to pay the vaccine administration fee
  • Charge a vaccine administration fee to non-Medicaid insured VFC-eligible children that exceeds the federal administration fee cap. For Medicaid VFC-eligible children, the provider must accept the reimbursement for vaccination set by the state Medicaid agency or the contracted Medicaid health plans. 

 

Participate in Site Visits 

The Philadelphia VFC Program conducts site visits with enrolled provider sites to ensure compliance with VFC Program requirements. Providers should expect a visit from VFC staff at least once per year, but these may occur more frequently. Depending on the type of visit, some preparation may be required of the provider/staff prior to the visit. More information about these visits can be found in the VFC Program Manual Guide (We are in the process of updating this resource. Please check back for an update).

Maintain a supply of vaccines on-hand 

Providers enrolled in the VFC Program are responsible for ordering appropriate amounts of vaccine and maintaining proper vaccine inventory. Vaccine needed for a practice is based on the number of VFC-eligible children seen in a practice. The vaccine inventory is tracked by the completion of monthly reconciliationsReconciliation means keeping track of your vaccine inventory in PhilaVax documenting vaccine doses that have been administered, returned, or adjusted due to wastage.  

Providers are required to order VFC vaccine and document their inventory in the PhilaVax online ordering system. Find more information on maintaining your inventory here. 

 

Separate vaccines by funding source 

Private, VFC, and VFAAR vaccine can’t be used interchangeably. Clearly label VFC vaccine to distinguish it from privately purchased vaccine.  

 When you receive vaccine shipments, label them as you unpack and store them. You can request VFC stickers at no cost from us on our Materials Page.

 

Store Vaccines & Monitor Temperatures 

All VFC vaccines need to be stored in a precise temperature range – some need to be in the fridge and some need to be in the freezer. In addition, all VFC vaccine must be constantly monitored to ensure that correct temperature storage is maintained until it is administered to patients. 

Learn more about storing vaccines and maintaining correct temperature ranges on our Storage and Handling Page.

7. Vaccines Available Through VFC

The tables below show the vaccine brands and presentations available though our VFC program:
Click here to download a pdf copy of the tables.

Vaccines Brands and Presentations Available Through the Philadelphia VFC Program

Vaccines Abbreviations Trade Names Presentations Advisories & Updates
Diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis vaccine DTaP
Daptacel®
Infanrix®
10 pack of 1 dose vials
10 pack of 1 dose syringe
Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine Hib
ActHIB®
Hiberix®
PedvaxHIB®
10 pack of 1 dose vials
10 pack of 1 dose syringes
5 pack of 1 dose vials
Hepatitis A vaccine HepA
Havrix®
Vaqta®
10 pack of 1 dose syringes
10 pack of 1 dose syringes
Hepatitis B vaccine HepB
Engerix-B®
Recombivax HB®
10 pack of 1 dose syringes
10 pack of 1 dose vials
Human papillomavirus vaccine IIV Multiple -
Influenza vaccine (inactivated) IIV Multiple - Updated annually. VFC offered flu posted here: https://vax.phila.gov/index.php/flu/
Influenza vaccine (live, attenuated) LAIV4 FluMist® Quadrivalent 10 pack of 1 dose intranasal sprayers Updated annually. VFC offered flu posted here: https://vax.phila.gov/index.php/flu/
Measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine MMR M-M-R II® 10 pack of 1 dose vials
Meningococcal serogroups A, C, W, Y vaccine MCV4
Menactra®
Menveo®
MenQuadfi®
5 pack of 1 dose vials
5 pack of 1 dose vials
5 pack of 1 dose vials
Available 6/2/21. For more information download our product guide here: ---
Meningococcal serogroup B vaccine (Men B) MenB
Bexsero®
Trumenba®
10 pack of 1 dose syringes
10 pack of 1 dose syringes
Pneumococcal 13-valent conjugate vaccine PCV13 Prevnar 13® 10 pack of 1 dose syringes -
Pneumococcal 23-valent polysaccharide vaccine PPSV23 Pneumovax 23® 10 pack of 1 dose syringes To order, add the amount requested in the order comments box.
Poliovirus vaccine (inactivated IPV IPOL® 10 dose multidose vial
Rotavirus vaccine Rota
Rotarix®
RotaTeq®
10 pack of 1 dose vials
10 pack of 1 dose tubes
Tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis vaccine Tdap
Adacel®
Boostrix®
5 pack of 1 dose syringes, 10 pack of 1 dose syringes
10 pack of 1 dose vials, 10 pack of 1 dose syringes
Tetanus and diphtheria vaccine Td TDVAX™ 10 pack of 1 dose vials To order, add the amount requested in the order comments box.
Varicella vaccine VAR Varivax® 10 pack of 1 dose vials

Combination Vaccines

(use combination vaccines instead of separate injections when appropriate)

Vaccines Abbreviations Trade Names Presentations Advisories & Updates
DTaP, hepatitis B, and inactivated poliovirus vaccine DTaP-HepB-IPV Pediarix® 10 pack of 1 dose syringes
DTaP, inactivated poliovirus, and Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine DTaP-IPV/Hib Pentacel® 5 pack of 1 dose vials
DTaP and inactivated poliovirus vaccine DTaP-IPV
Kinrix®
Quadracel®
10 pack of 1 dose vials
10 pack of 1 dose syringe
DTaP, inactivated poliovirus, Haemophilus influenzae type b, and hepatitis B vaccine DTaP-IPV-Hib-HepB Vaxelis®
10 pack of 1 dose vials
10 pack of 1 dose syringes
Available 6/2/21. For more information download our product guide here: ------
Measles, mumps, rubella, and varicella vaccine MMRV ProQuad® 10 pack of 1 dose vials

8. VFC Program Success

Pediatric Coverage 

Vaccination completed by 24 months of age. Recorded from PhilaVax IIS as of 2/1/19. 

2019 Philadelphia Coverage Levels 

4:3:1:3:3:1:4  72% 
4 DTaP  75% 
3 Polio  90% 
1 MMR  89% 
3 Hib  90% 
3 Hep B  90% 
1 Varicella  89% 
UTD PCV13  91% 

Adolescent Coverage 

Vaccination completed by the 13th birthday. Recorded from PhilaVax IIS as of 2/1/19. 

Vaccine  2019 Philadelphia Coverage Levels 
1 Tdap  95% 
1 MCV4  94% 
UTD HPV  61% 
3 Hep B  84% 
2 MMR  83% 
2 Varicella  90% 
2 Hep A  89%